2 edition of evolutionary ecology of mate choice. found in the catalog.
evolutionary ecology of mate choice.
Trevor Edgar Pitcher
Written in English
In this thesis I report on a series of studies that addresses features of multiple mating and sexual selection in guppies (Poecilia reticulata ) and birds in general.In chapter 3, I tested the genetic incompatibility hypothesis by asking whether female guppies can bias their use of sperm toward more compatible males. Despite the deleterious consequences of inbreeding, there was no evidence of inbreeding avoidance in pre-copulatory behaviors of females or males, or in sperm use by females. These results suggest that female guppies do not discriminate on the basis of genetic relatedness, against closely related males or their sperm and as such do not multiply mate to avoid the costs of inbreeding depression.In chapter 5, I examined several ecological and behavioural factors in relation to testes size; an index of the extent of extrapair mating. The results of this chapter suggest that traditional ecological and behavioral variables can account for a significant portion of the variation in sperm competition in birds.In chapter 2, I test the trade-up hypothesis which is a behavioural strategy that females could use to maximize the genetic benefits to their offspring. The hypothesis proposes that females should be more willing to accept a mate when the new male encountered is a superior genetic source than previous mates. I found that females responsiveness to second males was an increasing function of male ornamentation. Attractive second males also sired a greater proportion of the offspring. These results suggest that female guppies may utilize pre-copulatory mechanisms to maximize the genetic quality of their offspring.In chapter 4, I tested whether female guppies could potentially accrue direct benefits from mate choice by assessing whether the orange, carotenoid-based integument pigmentation of male guppies signals male functional fertility, that is, their ability to supply a large number of high quality sperm at copulation. Males with greater areas of carotenoid colouration had significantly larger sperm loads and more motile sperm relative to males with relatively little carotenoid colouration. However, I found no evidence that sperm traits were related to the intensity of carotenoid colouration.
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||215|
Understanding of animal social and sexual evolution has seen a renaissance in recent years with discoveries of frequent infidelity in apparently monogamous species, the importance of sperm competition, active female mate choice, and eusocial behavior in animals outside the traditional social insect groups. Each of these findings has raised new questions, and suggested new . Researchers in evolutionary ecology that want an overview of the current state of the field, and graduate students that want an introduction the field, will find this book very valuable. This volume can also be used as a primary textbook or supplemental reading in both upper division and graduate courses/seminars in Evolutionary Ecology.
Futuyma, D. J., and G. Moreno. The evolution of ecological specialization. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics – DOI: / E-mail Citation» This is the landmark review that synthesized major ideas for the field, and lessons continue to be learned from this paper. Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans As Model Organisms - Kindle edition by Duffy, J. Emmett, Thiel, Martin. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans Manufacturer: Oxford University Press.
Kokko and her team are researching questions of ecological evolutionary dynamics--at the interface of evolution and ecology. Some members of the group are addressing mate choice and the evolution. The evolution of leks--clusters of small territories where males congregate and display in order to attract mates--is of central issue in behavioral ecology, because of the insights it offers into female mate choice, sexual selection Honeybee Ecology: A Study of Adaptation in Social Life Thomas D. Seeley. The book presents honeybees as a.
Discrimination, criminal justice and community punishment
Inscriptions and devices, in the Beauchamp Tower, Tower of London
Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass, an American slave
Modulus Vol 18
Profiles in power
Fiziksel kimya terimleri sozlugu
Equine cardiovascular medicine
British Calendar Customs: Scotland
107 graphic designers of AGI, Alliance graphique internationale
U.S. Policy Toward Panama, 1903-Present
There are thousands of papers and innumerable reviews about mate choice. A sensible starting point is a handful of books that cover mate choice and allied topics.
Cronin covers the long history of the field since Darwin first coined the term “sexual selection.” Evolutionary behavioral ecology. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press. The popular consensus on mate choice has long been that females select mates likely to pass good genes to offspring.
In Mate Choice, Gil Rosenthal overturns much of this conventional ing the first synthesis of the topic in more than three evolutionary ecology of mate choice. book, and drawing from a wide range of fields, including animal behavior, evolutionary biology, social psychology.
(). The Evolutionary Psychology of Human Mate Choice. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality: Vol. 18, No.pp. Cited by: In Darwin's discussion of this model, we find the only occurrence of a clear explanation for the evolution of mate choice in his entire book (ref. 2, Part I, p ): “Such pairs would have an advantage in rearing offspring, more especially if the male had the power to defend the female during the pairing-season, as occurs with some of the Cited by: Thus, mate choice by females can be viewed as the first step in the process of paternity choice.
The incorporation of female perspectives into postcopulatory sexual selection has generated theoretical models for the evolution of multiple mating by females that in some ways parallel the mechanisms of mate choice evolution in Box 1.
For example. Evolutionary Ecology. Welcome,you are looking at books for reading, the Evolutionary Ecology, you will able to read or download in Pdf or ePub books and notice some of author may have lock the live reading for some of ore it need a FREE signup process to obtain the book.
If it available for your country it will shown as book reader and user fully subscribe. Mate choice is one of the primary mechanisms under which evolution can occur.
It is characterized by a “selective response by animals to particular stimuli” which can be observed as behavior. In other words, before an animal engages with a potential mate, they first evaluate various aspects of that mate which are indicative of quality—such as the resources or.
The Living Elephants is the authoritative resource for information on both Asian and African elephants. From the ancient origins of the proboscideans to the present-day crisis of the living elephants, this volume synthesizes the behavior, ecology and conservation of elephants, while covering also the history of human interactions with elephants, all within the theoretical 4/5(1).
The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) Exam exam is going to be held on Febru 02, 08 in multiple sessions. A separate exam in “Ecology and Evolution (EY)” discipline is conducted for the students interested in the areas of ecology, evolution and conservation science. It is high time for the GATE Ecology and Evolution.
The evolution of male mate choice: males can be choosy too. Sexual selection can occur whenever there is non-random mating and/or fertilisation, and results from mate choice or intrasexual competition for evolutionary significance of sexual selection is firmly established, but there has been a resurgence of interest over recent decades based upon: (i).
The function of mate choice in sticklebacks: optimizing Mhc genetics * M. Milinski. Department of Evolutionary Ecology, Max Planck Institute of Limnology, August‐Thienemann‐Strasse 2, D‐ Plön, Germany.
Search for. 2. Darwin's aesthetic theory of mate choice. The most revolutionary and challenging feature of Charles Darwin's proposed mechanism of evolution by mate choice is that it was explicitly repeatedly wrote of mating preferences as an ‘aesthetic faculty’ and described them as ‘a taste for the beautiful’.
The importance of mate choice and sexual selection has been emphasized by the majority of evolutionary psychologists. This paper assesses three cases of work on mate choice and sexual selection in evolutionary psychology: David Buss on cross-cultural human mate preferences, Randy Thornhill and Steve Gangestad on the link between mate preferences and.
These 'biological markets' can be examined to gain a better understanding of the underlying principles of evolutionary ecology. In this volume scientists from different disciplines combine insights from economics, evolutionary biology and the social sciences to look at comparative aspects of economic behaviour in humans and other animals.5/5(1).
Rob Brooks’ profile on The Conversation. I am an evolutionary biologist who thinks about sex for a living. Things I have thought and written about include the evolution of mate choice, the costs.
Mate choice in human reproductive ecology is the process by which individuals rationally partner with others. Mate choice practices, like many of the topics in human reproductive ecology, vary greatly between individuals and between cultures.
Culture heavily influences mate choice, but there are evolutionary concepts that underpin research into.
The Evolutionary Psychology of Human Mate Choice: How Ecology, Genes, Fertility, and Fashion Influence Mating Behavior Jon A. Sefcek, MA, Barbara H. Brumbach, MA, Geneva Vasquez, MA, and Geoffrey F. Miller, PhD The recent incorporation of sexual selection theories into the rubric of Evolutionary Psychology has.
Our comparative work has revealed considerable evolutionary differences in the maintenance of sexual cannibalism and mate choice between praying mantids and spiders. With colleagues I investigate how sexual selection contributes to the extraordinary variation in penis morphology in an Australian mantid and genital damage in orb-web spiders.
consequence of the evolutionary avoidance of interspecific resource competition termed ‘ecological character displacement’.
If a trait is used both for resource utilization and for mate choice, Konuma and Chiba () showed that body size separation becomes more pronounced in the presence of reproductive interference. Using different numbers. Sensory Ecology, Behaviour, and Evolution provides a broad introduction to sensory ecology across a wide range of taxonomic groups, covering all the various sensory modalities (e.g.
sound, visual, chemical, magnetic, and electric) relating to diverse areas spanning anti-predator strategies, foraging, mate choice, navigation and more, with the Reviews: 5. "This book is a marvelously insightful, thought-provoking, and stimulating synthesis of mate choice. Drawing on information from the fields of animal behavior, ecology, evolutionary genetics, and sensory physiology, it will be a source of information and inspiration for everyone interested in this fascinatingly complex topic.".The evolutionary ecology of genetic quality in fishes.
Funding Details. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. Grant type: Discovery Grants Program evolutionary biologists are now on the verge of being able to provide a comprehensive understanding of the evolution of mate choice for genetic quality.
My long term.(source: Nielsen Book Data) Summary Known for their importance in regulating the population densities of pests, parasitoids have proven recently to be valuable tools with which to test aspects of evolutionary theory. This analysis of the biology of parasitoids also examines their behaviour, ecology and great diversity.
(source: Nielsen Book Data).